Gro Birkefeldt Møller Pedersen

Geologist and Researcher

Publications

 

 
 

Peer-reviewed publications

Pedersen, G. B. M., A. Höskuldsson, T. Dürig, T. Thordarson, I. Jónsdóttir, M.S. Riishuus, B.V. Óskarsson, S. Dumont, E. Magnusson, M.T. Gudmundsson, F. Sigmundsson, V.J.P.B. Drouin, C. Gallagher, R. Askew, J. Guðnason, W.M. Moreland, P. Nikkola, H. I. Reynolds, J. Schmith (2017) Lava field evolution and emplacement dynamics of the 2014-2015 basaltic fissure eruption at Holuhraun, Iceland, JVGR

 

Gudmundsson, M. T., Jónsdóttir, K., Hooper, A., Holohan, E. P., Halldórsson, S. H., Ófeigsson, B. G., Cesca, S., Vogfjörd, K. S., Sigmundsson, F., Högnadóttir, T., Einarsson, P., Sigmarsson, O., Jarosch, A. H., Jónasson, K., Magnússon, E., Hreinsdóttir, S., Bagnardi, M., Parks, M. M., Hjörleifsdóttir, V., Pálsson, F., Walter, T. R., Schöpfer, M. P. J., Heimann, S., Reynolds, H. I., Dumont, S., Bali, E., Gudfinnsson, G. H., Dahm, T., Roberts, M. J., Hensch, M., Belart, J. M.C., Spaans, K., Jakobsson, S., Gudmundsson, G. B., Fridriksdóttir, H. M., Drouin, V., Dürig, T., Aðalgeirsdóttir, G., Riishuus, M. S.,Pedersen, G. B. M., Boeckel, T. V., Oddsson, B., Pfeffer, M. A., Barsotti, S., Bergsson, B., Donovan, A., Burton, M. R., Aiuppa, A. (2016) Gradual caldera collapse at Bárdarbunga volcano, Iceland, regulated by lateral magma flow, Science, doi: 10.1126/science.aaf8988

 

Pedersen, G. B. M. (2016) Semi-automatic classification of glaciovolcanic landforms: An object-based mapping approach based on geomorphometry, JVGR, doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2015.12.015

 

S.R. Gíslason, G. Stefánsdóttir, M.A. Pfeffer, S. Barsotti, Th. Jóhannsson, I.Galeczka, E. Bali, O. Sigmarsson, A. Stefánsson, N.S. Keller, A. Sigurdsson, B. Bergsson, B. Galle, V.C. Jacobo, S. Arellano, A. Aiuppa, E.S. Eiríksdóttir, S.Jakobsson, G.H. Guðfinnsson, S.A. Halldórsson, H. Gunnarsson, B. Haddadi, I. Jónsdóttir, Th. Thordarson, M. Riishuus, Th. Högnadóttir, T. Dürig, Pedersen, G. B. M., Á. Höskuldsson, M.T. Gudmundsson (2015) Environmental pressure from the 2014–15 eruption of the Bárðarbunga volcano, Iceland, Geochem. Perspect. Lett 1, 84-93.

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., Grosse, P. (2014) Morphometry of subaerial shield volcanoes and glaciovolcanoes from Reykjanes Peninsula, Iceland: Effects of eruption environment. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2014.06.008

 

Pedersen, G. B. M. (2014) Chaos Terrain. In: Hargitai, H., Kereszturi (eds.) Encylopedia of Planetary Landforms. Springer, Berlin, Germany.

 

Pedersen, G. B. M. (2014) Ring-mold craters. In: Hargitai, H., Kereszturi (eds.) Encylopedia of Planetary Landforms. Springer, Berlin, Germany.

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., 2013. Frozen Martian lahars? Evaluation of morphology, degradation and geologic development in the Utopia – Elysium transition zone. Planetary and Space Science, doi:10.1016/j.pss.2013.05.020.

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., Head III, J. W., 2010. Evidence of widespread degraded Amazonian-aged ice-rich deposits in the transition between Elysium Rise and Utopia Planitia, Mars: Guidelines for the recognition of degraded ice-rich materials. Planetary and Space Science, doi:10.1016/j.pss.2010.09.019.

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., Head III, J.W., 2010. Chaos formation by sublimation of volatile-rich substrate: Evidence from Galaxias Chaos, Mars. Icarus, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2010.09.005.

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., Head III, J. W., Wilson, L., 2010. Formation, erosion and exposure of Early Amazonian dikes, dike swarms and possible subglacial eruptions in the Elysium Rise/Utopia Basin Region, Mars. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2009.08.010

 

Peer-reviewed publications in prep.

Pedersen, G. B. M. et al. (in prep.) Hekla eruptions in the 20th century: Volume and thickness estimates based on stereo-photogrammetry.

 

Kizel, F. et al. (in prep.) Multiple image empirical line calibration

 

Pedersen, G. B. M. et al. (in prep.) Open benchmark repository of the Hekla volcano.

 

Pedersen, G. B. M. et al. (in prep.) Glacier development and ice-volcano interactions on Hekla volcano.

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., Grosse, P. (in prep.) Morphometric analysis of tuyas in the neovolcanic zone, Iceland.

 

 

Conference Abstracts & Proceedings

2017

 

G. B. M. Pedersen, A. Höskuldsson , T. Dürig, T. Thordarson, I. Jónsdóttir, M.S. Riishuus, B.V. Óskarsson, S. Dumont, E. Magnusson, M.T. Gudmundsson, F. Sigmundsson, V.J.P.B. Drouin, C. Gallagher, R. Askew, J. Guðnason, W.M. Moreland, P. Nikkola, H. I. Reynolds, J. Schmith. 2017. Lava field evolution and emplacement dynamics of the 2014-2015 basaltic fissure eruption at Holuhraun, Iceland. Presented at IAVCEI, Portland, USA.

 

Dumont, S., F. Sigmundsson, A. Hooper, K. Vogfjörd, S. Hreinsdóttir, B. Ófeigsson, M. Pfeffer, D. Coppola, S. Barsotti, M. Ripepe, E. Eibl, C. Bean, E. Heimisson, M. Parks, M. T. Gudmundsson, K. Jónsdóttir, V. Drouin, G. B. M. Pedersen, Á. Höskuldsson, S. Halldórson and the IES field team. 2017. Spatial and temporal evolution of the plumbing system feeding the 2014-2015 fissure eruption at Holuhraun (Iceland) inferred from a multi-disciplinary approach. Presented at IAVCEI, Portland, USA.

 

Belart, J. M. C., G.B.M. Pedersen, F. Kizel, E. Magnusson, O. K. Vilmundardóttir, N. Falco, F. S. Sigurmundsson, G. Gísladóttir, S. Tarquini, Mattia de' Michieli Vitturi, J.A. Benediktsson. 2017. The evolution of Hekla volcano in the 20th century: Integrating remote sensing data from the past 70 years. Presented at IAVCEI, Portland, USA.

 

Vilmundardóttir, O. K., F. S. Sigurmundsson, G.B.M. Pedersen, F. Kizel, N. Falco, J. M.C. Belart, G. Gísladóttir and J. A. Benediktsson. 2017. Examining primary succession for the past 850 yrs on the lava- chronosequence of Hekla volcano in south Iceland. Presented at IAVCEI, Portland, USA.

 

Vilmundardóttir, O. K., F. S. Sigurmundsson, G.B.M. Pedersen, F. Kizel, N. Falco, J. M.C. Belart, G. Gísladóttir and J. A. Benediktsson. 2017. Examining primary succession for the past 850 yrs on the lava- chronosequence of Hekla volcano in south Iceland. Presented at ESA Portland, USA.

 

G.B.M. Pedersen, A. Höskuldsson, M. S. Riishuus, I. Jónsdóttir, T. Thórdarson, T. Dürig, M. T. Gudmundsson, S. Durmont and the IES eruption Team. 2017. Lava field evolution and emplacement dynamics of the 2014-2015 basaltic fissure eruption at Holuhraun, Iceland. Presented at JFI, Reykjavík, Iceland.

 

G.B.M. Pedersen, J. M.-C. Belart, O. K. Vilmundardóttir, N.Falco, F. Kizel, F.S. Sigurmundsson, R. Rustowicz, G. Gísladóttir, and J. A. Benediktsson. 2017. The landscape evolution at Hekla volcano, Iceland: Integrating remote sensing data from the past 70yr. Presented at JFI, Reykjavík, Iceland.

 

2016

 

Falco, N., G. B. M. Pedersen, O. K. Vilmundardóttir, J. M.-C. Belart, F. S. Sigurmundsson, F. Kizel and J. A. Benediktsson. 2016. Unsupervised Change Detection for Geological and Ecological Monitoring via Remote Sensing: Application on a Volcanic Area. Presented at AGU, San Francisco, USA.

 

Rossi, C., G. B. M. Pedersen, S. Dumont, M. Dirscherl. 2016. Geodetic exploitation of the 2014-2015 Bardarbunga unrest: volume variation history and lava tube evolution (155362). Presented at AGU, San Francisco, USA.

 

Dumont, S., F. Sigmundsson, A. Hooper, S. Hreinsdóttir, B. Ófeigsson, M. Parks, M. Pfeffer, K. Vogfjörd, S. Barsotti, E. Eibl, V. Drouin, E. Heimisson, G. B. M. Pedersen, Á. Höskuldsson, and the IES field team. Constraints on the plumbing system feeding the 2014-2015 fissure eruption at Holuhraun (Iceland) inferred from a multi-disciplinary approach. Presented at 18th General assembly of WEGENER, Ponta Delgada, Azores, Portugal.

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., O. K. Vilmundardóttir, N. Falco, F. S. Sigurmundsson, R. Rustowicz, J. M.-C. Belart, G. Gísladóttir, and J. A. Benediktsson. 2016. Environmental mapping and monitoring of Iceland by remote sensing (EMMIRS). Presented at EGU, Vienna, Austria.

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., J. M.-C. Belart, O. K. Vilmundardóttir, N. Falco, F. S. Sigurmundsson, R. Rustowicz, S. Tarquini, M.de' M. Vitturi, G. Gísladóttir, and J. A. Benediktsson. 2016. The landscape evolution at Hekla volcano, Iceland: Integrating remote sensing data from the past 70yr. Presented at EGU, Vienna, Austria.

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., A. Höskuldsson, M. S. Riishuus, I. Jónsdóttir, T. Thórdarson, T. Dürig, M. T. Gudmundsson, S. Durmont and the IES eruption Team. 2016. Emplacement dynamics and lava field evolution of the flood basalt eruption at Holuhraun, Iceland: Observations from field and remote sensing data. Presented at EGU, Vienna, Austria.

 

Vilmundardóttir, O. K., F. S. Sigurmundsson, G.B.M. Pedersen, N. Falco, R. Rustowicz, G. Gísladóttir, J. A. Benediktsson, 2016. Habitat mapping using hyperspectral images in the vicinity of Hekla volcano in Iceland. Presented at EGU, Vienna, Austria.

 

Harris, L., G. Llewellyn, C. MacLellan, M. Warren, D. Clewley, M. Grant, S. Goult, A. Mata, S. Groom, D. Coomes and G. B. M. Pedersen. 2016. Introduction to airborne thermal hyperspectral data processing with Specim's AisaOwl in the NERC Airborne Research Facility. Presented at RSPSoc, Nottingham, England

 

2015

 

M. T. Gudmundsson, T. Dürig, T. Hognadottir, A. Hoskuldsson, H. Bjornsson, S. Barsotti, G. N. Petersen, T. Thordarson, G. B. M. Pedersen and M. S. Riishuus., 2015 Large, Moderate or Small? The Challenge of Measuring Mass Eruption Rates in Volcanic Eruptions. Paper for AGU, San Francisco, USA.

 

T. Thordarson, A. Hoskuldsson, I. Jónsdottir, G. B. M. Pedersen M. T. Gudmundsson., T. Dürig, M. S. Riishuus, W. Moreland, J. Gudnason, C.R. Gallagher and R. A. Askew., 2015. Emplacement and Growth of the August 2014 to February 2015 Nornahraun Lava Flow Field North Iceland. Paper for AGU, San Francisco, USA.

 

(Invited) T. Thordarson, A. Hoskuldsson, I. Jónsdottir, G. B. M. Pedersen, A. Höskuldsson, M.S. Riishuus, I. Jónsdóttir, M.T. Gudmundsson, F. Sigmundsson, B.V. Óskarsson, V.J.P.B. Drouin, C. Gallagher, R. Askew, W.M. Moreland, T. Dürig, S. Dumont, Þ. Þórdarson and the IES eruption team. Nornahraun lava morphology and mode of emplacement. Paper for IUGG, Prague, Czech Republic.

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., 2015. Semi-automatic mapping of volcanic landforms based on object-based image analysis and geomorphometry. Paper for IUGG, Prague, Czech Republic.

 

Tarquini, S., Vittuti, M. D. M., Jensen, E. H., Barsotti, S., Pedersen, G. B. M., Coppola, D., 2015. Simulating the lava flow formed during the 2014-2015 Holuhraun eruption (Bardarbunga volcanic system, Iceland) by using the new F-L probabilistic code. Paper for EGU, Vienna, Austria.

 

Hoskuldsson, A., Jónsdóttir, I., Riishuus, M., Pedersen, G. B. M., Gudmundsson, M. T., Þórdarson, Þ., Drouin, V. J. P. B. And the Futurevolc IES field work team., 2015. Magma discharge and lava flow field growth in the Nornahraun/ Bardarbunga eruption in Iceland. Paper for EGU, Vienna, Austria.

 

Jónsdóttir, I., Thórðarson, T., Höskuldsson, Á., Davis, D., Schneider, D., Wright, R., Kestay, L., Hamilton, C., Harris, A., Coppola, D., Guðmundsson, M. T., Durig, T., Pedersen, G. B. M., Drouin, V., Höskuldsson, F., Símonarson, H., Arnarson, G. Ö., Einarsson, M. Ö., Riishuus, M., 2015. Real-time satellite monitoring of Nornahraun lava flow NE Iceland. Paper for EGU, Vienna, Austria.

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., Höskuldsson, A., Riishuus, M., Jónsdóttir, I., Gudmundsson, M. T., Sigmundsson, F., Óskarsson, B. V., Dürig, T., Drouin, V. J. P. B., Gallagher, C., Askew, R., Moreland, W. M., Dumont, Þórdarson, Þ., 2015. Nornahraun lava morphology and mode of emplacement. Paper for EGU, Vienna, Austria.

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., Höskuldsson, A., Riishuus, M., Jónsdóttir, I., Gudmundsson, M. T., Sigmundsson, F., Óskarsson, B. V., Dürig, T., Drouin, V. J. P. B., Gallagher, C., Askew, R., Moreland, W. M., Dumont, S., Davies, A., Keszthelyi, L., Hamilton, C. W., Þórdarson, Þ., 2015. Nornahraun lava morphology and emplacement: A new terrestrial analogue for planetary lava flows. Paper for 46th LPSC, The Woodlands, Texas, USA.

 

2014

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., Gallagher, C.R., Reynolds, H.I. and the IES eruption team, 2014. Holuhraun: lava flow morphologies and emplacement mechanisms. Paper for The Icelandic Geological Society, Reykjavik, Iceland

 

(Keynote) Pedersen, G. B. M., Grosse, P., 2014. Insights into subglacial eruptions based on geomorphometry: Broad scale analysis of subglacial edifices in Iceland. Paper for EGU, Vienna, Austria.

 

2013

 

(Invited) Pedersen, G. B. M., Grosse, P., 2013. Morphometric analysis of glaciovolcanic edifices in Iceland. Paper for EPSC, London, United Kingdom.

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., 2013. Frozen martian lahars? Evidence from Utopia-Elysium flows. Paper for IAVCEI, Kagoshima, Japan.

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., Grosse, P., 2013. Morphometric extraction of the passage zone: Broad scale analysis of subglacial edifices in Iceland. Paper for IAVCEI, Kagoshima, Japan.

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., Head J. W., 2013. Frozen martian lahars? Emplacement mechanisms and geologic impact of Utopia-Elysium flows. Paper for 44th LPSC, The Woodlands, Texas, USA.

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., Grosse, P., 2013. Topographic fingerprints of eruption environment: Evidence from Reykjanes Peninsula, Iceland. Paper for 44th LPSC, The Woodlands, Texas, USA

 

2012

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., Grosse, P., 2012. Identification of topographic fingerprints of eruption environments: Geomorphometric evidence from volcanoes of the Reykjanes Peninsula, Iceland. Paper for AGU, San Francisco, California, USA

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., Head III, J. W., 2012. Evidence of complex ice-volcano interactions in the transition zone between Elysium Rise and Utopia Basin. Print-only abstract at 43. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, The Woodlands, Texas, USA

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., 2012. Diagnostic criteria for icelandic volcanic landforms based on remote sensing data: constraints on morphology and optimization of mapping methodologies. Paper presented at Nordic Geological winter meeting, Reykjavík, Iceland.

 

2011

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., 2011. Bridging fieldwork and remote sensing data: Pilot study of diagnostic criteria for Icelandic volcanoes to optimize analysis of volcanic landforms. Paper presented at AGU, San Francisco, California, USA

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., Head III, J. W., 2011. Evidence of widespread degraded Amazonian-aged ice-rich deposits in the transition between Elysium Rise and Utopia Planitia, Mars: Guidelines for the recognition of degraded ice-rich materials. Paper presented at European Geoscience Union General Assembly 2011, Vienna, Austria.    Abstract  |  Presentation

 

> 2010

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., 2010. Observed degradation stages of ring-mold craters (RMC): Geomorphic evidence for modification of ice-rich deposits in the transitions zone between Elysium and Utopia Basin, Mars. Paper presented at 41. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, The Woodlands, Texas, USA.

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., Head III, J. W., Wilson, L., 2009. Early Amazonian dike swarms in Utopia Basin, Mars: Nature of substrate and estimates of effusion raters. Paper presented at 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, The Woodlands, Texas, USA.

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., Head III, J. W., 2009. Overview of Possible Ice-Related Morphologies in the transition zone between Elysium and Utopia Basin, Mars. Paper presented at 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, The Woodlands, Texas, USA.

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., 2009. Dikes and dike swarms on Mars. Paper presented at Magma Chamber Process XV, Aarhus, Denmark.

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., Head III, J. W., 2008. Amazonian dike swarm in Utopia Basin, Mars. Paper presented at AGU, San Francisco, California, USA.

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., Head III, J. W., 2008. Geomorphic characteristic for Amazonian dike swarm in Utopia Basin, Mars. Paper presented at EPSC, Münster, Germany.

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., Hauber, E., Nørnberg, P., 2008. Characteristics of Galaxias Chaos, Mars; Implication for formation models. Paper presented at 39th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference Leage City, Texas, USA.

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., Wilson, J.R., 2005. Classification of a Meteorite. Paper presented at Magma Chamber Processes XIII, Aarhus, Denmark.

 

Popular science publications

Gunnlaugsson, H. P., Pedersen, G. B. M., Madsen, M. B., 2010. Geologi på Mars. In: Brun, L., Pedersen, K. (eds..) Dansk astronomi i kikkerten. Sangill Grafisk, Danmark. p. 102-111 (Book section).

 

Pedersen, G. B. M, 2009. Liv i universet- er vi alene ?, Geologisk Nyt v. 01, p. 8 (Book review).

 

Pedersen, G. B. M., 2008. Mars‘ nordligste feltgeolog- Phoenix Mars Lander. Geologisk Nyt 4, .4-7 (Publication).

 

Pedersen, G. B. M, 2008. Mars “in action“, Geologisk Nyt v. 01, p.21(Publication).

 

Pedersen, G. B. M, 2007. The surface of Mars – Boganmeldelse, Geolgisk Nyt v. 07, p.8 (Publication).

 

Pedersen, G. B. M, 2004. Geologi midt I byen – spektakulære fænomener inden for rækkevidde, Geologisk Nyt v. 04, p. 24-25 (Publication).